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School Management And Leadership Skills

Decision Making
Purposeful selection of one course of action from several possible alternatives
  • A mental/ cognitive process -choosing what to do
  • Identifying alternative courses of action; listing relevant choices
  • Identifying and studying potential consequences of various courses of action
  • Selection of a course of action from various alternatives, deciding the most appealing and effective choice
  • Final choice

Steps in decision making process:
-  Identify decision
-  Gather relevant information
-  Identify the alternatives
-  Weigh evidence
-  Select best alternative
-  Implement the selected plan
-  Review the decision

Goal setting
Guidelines for goal setting are:
  • Goals should be clear and specific.
  • They should be challenging – neither easily within reach, nor beyond ones' reach.
  • They should be time bound, to be attained within specified deadlines.
  • Goals set by a Principal/ School Head / HoI should include participation by all employees, which will result in their identifying with the goals.
  • Ideally, goals should be so designed that the employee can evaluate himself/herself and give self-feedback.


Delegation
  • An important administrative tool, where you allow your staff to use their skill and talents to their full potential
  • Dot not merely refers to assignment of a task, but also of authority and sharing of responsibility with proper control.

Document management
  • Organization, coordination and control of electronic and paper documents in a secure and efficient manner to ensure that they are accessible to authorized personnel as and when required. Includes tracking, storage and retrieval
  • Important for organizing workplace and improving time management for increasing efficiency
  • Active files – all files presently in use
  • Archived files – files not in regular use, can be easily retrieved

Time management
  • A set of skills, tools and techniques used to manage time in order to accomplish specific tasks / achieve goals.
  • The school schedule works according to a “Time Table”, which by its very nature implies that everything is based on time spent. Academics, sports and co-curricular activities are scheduled in time brackets.
  • Educators – School Head / HoI and teachers – need to be practitioners of time management to ensure that these time schedules are promptly met with.

Stress management
  • Stress is a normal physical response to events that make us feel threatened or upset our balance in some way.
  • The 'wear and tear' our bodies experience as we adjust to our continually changing and demanding environment. It has physical and emotional effects on us and can create both positive and negative feelings in us.
  • As a positive influence, stress can compel us to action, resulting in new awareness and an exciting new perspective.
  • As a negative influence it can cause feeling of depression, anger, distrust, rejection etc. which in turn can lead to health problems such as headaches, rashes, insomnia, ulcers, high blood pressure etc.
  • We often have to adjust to changes and new circumstances, and stress helps or hinders our adjustment depending on how we react to it.

Meetings and communication
  • A gathering of two or more people, convened for accomplishing a common goal through verbal interaction through consensus or agreement
  • A meeting is organized when there is an agenda for group consensus, or a requirement of discussion on any issue.

Group dynamics
Once a group is formed, it is characterized by group dynamics, which include group behaviour and group processes.
  • Group behaviour: The interaction that takes place between members of a group. Group behaviour varies on the basis of the composition, size, group norms, group task, roles etc.
  • Group processes: What happens in a group, in terms of development and evolution of relationships between and among group members. The basic group processes include forming (individuals coming together to form a group), norming (development of shared norms and rules), storming (group actively carries out a task) and performing (group starts to work as a team).

Motivation
  • The desire to achieve a particular goal, combined with the energy to work towards that goal
  • Goal oriented behaviour
  • The need, vision, dream or desire to achieve something
  • Motivation can be intrinsic and extrinsic.
    -  Intrinsic: Our thoughts, our inner feelings that propel us to do something; doing something for its own sake. This motivation comes from within the individual him/ herself.
    -  Extrinsic: Circumstances, situations, rewards or punishments that encourage us to do something. This motivation is external, from outside of the individual