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  • There is a large gap between skills needed on the job and the actual skills possessed by employees, resulting in skills gap.

  • The skills gap has its roots in school education system, which emphasizes on textbook education, rote learning and assessment restricted to end-of-chapter questions .

  • 'Ample bookish knowledge; without much application and practical skills' is India's weakness. This begins at school and continues into higher education and training.

  • About 85 % graduates in India do not have employability skills, i.e., skills required to function effectively at work place.


  • Many countries in the world have introduced QF to:
    -  Address the challenge of skills gap
    -  meet their economic and social quality improvement
    -  provide flexibility for progression for learners
    -  provide mobility from one sector to another
    -  enjoy international recognition
    -  Enjoy material success
    -  facilitate labour movement in the regions for regional stability
    -  Develop productive workforce
  • The Indian Government is focusing on growth and development oriented reforms in the country. Education and training reforms aim at anchoring work preparation and development of skilled and professional workforce.
  • India needs to match outcomes of education from school to university by balancing 'academic knowledge' with 'employability skills.
  • NQF reform that links school education, higher education, training sector and employment. The reform will bring about a shift from bubble sheet and end of chapter testing to competency and performance based assessment.
  • National Vocational Qualification Framework (NVEQF) is a policy direction of Government of India, Ministry of Human Resource Development.

Architecture of NQF in India